The most commonly reported symptoms of CSB concern time spent viewing pornography mainly on the Internet and excessive masturbation 5 — 7. As the overall number of publications was nine and seven reporting any effects related to the ventral striatumwe did not select studies based on the methods of CSB diagnosis; therefore, we describe the specific methods used for subjects classification in Table 1. That made it 10 times worse," Crystal said. One of the crucial brain circuits involved in addiction is the reward system connecting such brain structures as the ventral tegmental area one of the principal dopamine-producing areas in the brain with the ventral striatum, mesocortical pathways, and cerebral cortex, especially the orbitofrontal and mediofrontal cortex 13 — The incentive sensitization theory of addiction:
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Daddy Was Watching: Secret Photos of Nude Daughter Weren't Illegal Under Massachusetts Law
Therefore, we would first like to discuss the available results, then propose their interpretations in the context of IST and RDS theories. The current state of the data allows us to conclude that CSB is related to increased ventral striatal reactivity for erotic stimuli and cues predictive for such stimuli. All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication. But for the sake of better understanding, we need to take the origins of both frameworks into account. PubMed Abstract Google Scholar. Validation and psychometric properties of a short version of Young's internet addiction test.